If you “sat culturally” the day before, the calculator below will help you find out how long you can drive. It doesn’t matter if you are a man or a woman, your body is strong or not, you drink every day or once a year. This world's easiest calculator without the hassle will show you how much alcohol will disappear from your body. It has everything taken into account. He knows everything about you, and will protect you from a fine, deprivation of rights, or something worse.
If you want to know about the norms, ppm, factors, different drinks, how you shouldn’t drink yesterday, as well as about the fumes and other things associated with drinking alcohol before driving, read this material carefully. Just not today. For now, bookmark this page. And when there is "health" and a fresh head, come back here and expand your horizons on the topic: the time of weathering alcohol.
Alcohol calculator
The rate of alcohol in the blood of the driver
The rate of alcohol in the driver's blood is the amount of ethanol in the body that can be called natural. That is, even if you do not drink at all, there is still alcohol inside you. Where it comes from, we will not consider here. Let's take it as a scientifically proven fact. For the driver, it is important that with a normal level of alcohol in the blood, you can safely drive. For this they will not be fined, they will not take away the right, they will not increase the term in the event of an accident.
The content of ethanol in the body is usually measured in several units. The most famous of them is ppm (‰). What it is and how to navigate it is described below. Another level of alcohol in the body is measured in mg/l - milligrams of ethanol per liter of exhaled air. In fact - the power of the fume, which we will also talk about. Another unit of measurement that few people use in everyday life is called BAC - these are grams of ethanol in 100 ml of blood.
Let's get back to the allowed alcohol limit for a driver. It is in the range from 0 to 0.3‰. Anything above is punishable. If we talk about the fume, which standard breathalyzers measure in mg / l, then here everything that fits into 0.135 mg / l is considered the norm. Above is punishable. Immediately note for yourself the difference between ppm and mg / l. There were cases when one thing was passed off as another on the road, and even non-drinking drivers were “bred”.
How much was drunk per mille and the degree of intoxication
The degree of intoxication is a generally accepted indicator, which is scientifically determined by ‰ or mg / l, and among the people by external signs. In total, 5 states of a drunk person can be distinguished:
- Not in one eye.
- Mild intoxication.
- Clinically severe.
Let's take a closer look, because here too there is confusion.
Not in one eye
This is the state when, as they say, just sipped. That is, a person drank quite a bit, while not feeling any signs of intoxication. Or so he thinks. If we express this degree in science, then it corresponds to 0.4-0.9‰ or 0.18-0.405 mg/l. It is clear that this is already an excess of the “per mille norm” for the driver. To "reach" this degree of intoxication, you need to drink an average of 50 to 200 ml of vodka .
Of course, a lot depends on gender, weight and other factors. We'll talk about them later. For now, let's analyze the average figures - say, for a man weighing 70-80 kg, who does not go out after a glass of vodka.
Mild drunkenness
In a healthy person at this stage, the consequences of ethanol entering the body are quite clearly manifested. The mood rises, the reaction slows down, current problems slowly fade into the background. If at this moment of the feast you blow into the breathalyzer, it will show 1.0-1.9‰ or 0.45-0.855 mg/l. It's time to turn around. But after all, only 200 - 400 ml of vodka were drunk. The peak has gone.
Average degree of intoxication
If (read - when) the booze dragged on to this stage, it felt like the problems should have completely faded into the background, the mood was at its peak, courage and even arrogance appeared out of nowhere. The body is already pretty bad at listening, and therefore it will no longer be possible to pass the test with a straight line. Nothing to say about the reaction. Those who did not sleep for a long time before drinking begin to “chop”. We take our conditional breathalyzer and blow into it: 2.0-2.9‰ or 0.9-1.305 mg/l. For the device to give such numbers, our "average" person needs to drink 450 - 650 ml of vodka.
Severe degree of intoxication
The body turns into a toy filled with cotton. Not only the reaction disappears, but vision is already starting to fail. The mood can be different - depending on what a person has accumulated the most in his head. Someone else shows signs of fun, someone is drawn to exploits, others become angry, aggressive, overly talkative. This is just the stage during which you can see a person as he really is. We take out the breathalyzer: 3.0-3.9‰ or 1.35-1.75 mg/l. The volume of alcohol consumed has already approached or exceeded per liter in the equivalent of strong drinks.
Clinically severe degree of intoxication
Last stage. A person can pass out of the blue, and then wake up either on their own or with the help of doctors. But these are only those who are stronger and there was medicine nearby. The rest do not wake up at all. There is no longer any strength to blow into the breathalyzer, but it would show from 4.0 or more ppm or from 1.8 mg/l. How much you need to drink for this, few people can count. But more than a liter for sure.
Surely many of you will say that a liter of vodka in one person is not a clinic, but just right. It's true. But this is if you have good health, decent weight, a good snack on the table, high-quality vodka, and you have been sitting for more than an hour with smoke breaks.
What determines the time of weathering of alcohol from the body?
There are a lot of factors on which the time of weathering of alcohol from the body depends. Here are just a few of them:
- The volume of alcohol consumed - if we take into account only the displacement, then the time of weathering of alcohol increases in direct proportion to the amount of alcohol consumed. It's simple - the more consumed, the longer you can not drive.
- Type of drink - first of all, a fortress. It is measured as % alcohol by volume. For example, the standard strength of vodka is 40%. This means that one liter (1000 ml) contains 400 ml of alcohol. The rest is water. The stronger the alcohol, the longer it disappears (with the same volume). If we compare vodka (40%) with wine (20%), then it is even intuitively easy to understand that 100 grams of the first will disappear as much as 200 grams of the second.
- Snack - alcohol does not affect the weathering time critically. More on the pleasure of the feast and the feeling of the next morning. However, it is believed that a lot of food unnecessarily burdens the organs responsible for the "processing" of ethanol by the body. This includes, for example, fatty foods. In order for alcohol to begin to dissipate, the body must first digest it. And this, depending on the snack, takes a different time.
- Human weight - when calculating per mille, this factor is the third most important after the volume and strength of the drink. Everything is simple here. The greater the body weight, the faster the alcohol will be processed and excreted from the body.
- Gender - it seems to be scientifically proven that alcohol leaves the male body a little faster than from the female. The most popular and generally accepted formula for calculating the time to remove alcohol from the blood uses two coefficients. For men - 0.7, for women - 0.6. The difference is minor, but it exists.
- Age is about the same here as with life experience. In youth it is almost absent, in maturity it is at its peak, in old age there is a lot of it, but it is already little used. So it is with the time of removing alcohol from the body. It emerges most quickly from a person's middle age, while from a young or old person it takes longer (not to be confused with morning sensations). The difference against the background of the three main factors (volume, strength, weight) is negligible. But there is.
- General health - in order for alcohol to disappear, the body uses several organs at once. Liver, kidneys, pancreas, and even skin. Therefore, the better condition it all is, the faster the processing of the poison. The factor is very important, but it is impossible to calculate it exactly for each person using a calculator.
- The duration of the booze - after the first drink, the process of removing alcohol from the body conditionally begins. That is, it should be understood that a drunk bottle quickly and slowly at the table will disappear in the end in a very different time.
- Occupation after the feast - again we return to the body, which by all available means and forces is trying to get rid of a substance that it does not need. Ethanol is excreted in many ways. From a decent (here is not a medical site after all) one can name breathing and sweating. Accordingly, the more often and deeply you breathe or sweat profusely, the faster the alcohol comes out.
- Other factors are the temperature and composition of the surrounding air, atmospheric pressure, the quality of drinks, the fact of mixing, lowering or raising the degree, the mood at the table, the number of smoke breaks, the time between “approaches to the projectile”, the size of the dishes. And this is not all that can reduce as well as increase the weathering time of alcohol.
Now, knowing all this, let's return to our calculator.
Why is there no point in a more advanced calculator?
If you are reading this article with a fresh mind and have carefully read the factors that affect the time of alcohol weathering from the body, the answer to this question should be obvious to you. Not a single calculator in the world, not a three-story formula with a dozen variables, will be able to produce a result that exactly corresponds to reality. Even if you program a calculator in which every one of the factors listed above will be calculated, will you be able to enter them? Except approximately. This will be the result of the calculations.
It is from these considerations that three-story calculators are of no use. Yes, they think there is something. Even take into account some factors. But they are all secondary. And entering a ton of initial data when your head doesn’t understand anyway, for the sake of an inaccurate result, is such an occupation.
Now let's look at the other side of the coin. About time to the nearest minute. It's a total laugh. Let's say a local calculator showed you that you can drive in 6 hours, and some more difficult - 5 hours 45 minutes. That you, as a driver who faces a serious fine, deprivation of a license or worse, will be given this difference of 15 minutes. This time is far beyond the margin of error. Interesting, entertaining, but for the driver - absolutely useless.
For a car enthusiast, those calculators and formulas are much more useful, which not only round off minutes that no one needs, but also show time with a small margin. This very reserve excludes the influence of errors and secondary factors, which, as already mentioned, it is impossible to foresee everything. It is unlikely that you measured the volumes you drank yesterday with an accuracy of a milliliter. And the alcoholometer was lowered into each glass? Alcohol, on the other hand, has a tendency to dissipate. Did you timed the time between shots? Here are the minutes.
You don't need them. Enough time in hours, calculated on the basis of approximately drunk, strength and your weight. Plus a little stock. By the way, the time shown by the local calculator should not be counted from the beginning of the feast, but from the moment of the last “approach to the projectile”. In the people, this stage is usually called “on the horse”, “on the track”.
In conclusion, I would like to separately note the calculators that offer to enter several different drinks. Remember once and for all: if you need to drive, and the day before you have consumed more than one type of alcohol, you are contraindicated to use a calculator! He will lead you under the article. In such cases, only a good breathalyzer will help. A simple mathematical algorithm, to which you give very approximate numbers, will not be able to take into account your mistakes, not a perfect memory, and all the chemistry that is going on in your body.
Average weathering time for alcohol - tables and process mechanics
Tables are good for their clarity. Thanks to them, it is possible to look at alcohol consumption globally. Estimate, so to speak, the scale. Understand the mechanics of what is happening. At the same time, if you really sat culturally yesterday, then according to the tables you can quite accurately estimate your cherished time for the weathering of alcohol. And the most important thing is to understand how it all works.
Weathering beer time
Let's start with beer. How long can you drive? Beer, despite the low alcohol content, is a very insidious drink. Firstly, with it a lot of water enters the body. Secondly, with good company it is difficult to remember the amount of alcohol consumed. Thirdly, beer "does not like" a snack. Finally, beer can be between 4% and 18% ABV, which is one of the three important factors in alcohol weathering.
Take the most common light beer with a strength of 4% and people weighing from 60 to 90 kg. Those who do not invest in the following ranges can easily estimate the scale intuitively. After all, in any of the tables there is a pattern.
Volume, ml |
60 kg, min |
70 kg, min |
80 kg, min |
90 kg, min |
100 |
35 |
30 |
25 |
20 |
This is enough to find out the weathering time of the drunk beer for any weight and volume. Let's consider an example for clarity. The weight of the author of this article is 70 kg, and his favorite rate of beer is 2 liters. 2 l = 2000 ml. Or 20 servings from the second row in the table. If, with a weight of 70 kg, 100 ml disappears after 30 minutes, then 2000 ml will disappear after 30 × 20 = 600 minutes. We have 60 minutes in one hour. That is, after 10 hours you can drive.
Again, there is no point in fencing multi-story tables. It's like listing all the numbers from 0 to 1000 one at a time. They just take up space and take away time.
Vodka weathering time
Like it or not, vodka is the most common drink in our country. Its standard strength is 40%.
Volume, ml |
60 kg, min |
70 kg, min |
80 kg, min |
90 kg, min |
100 |
350 |
300 |
250 |
200 |
Readers with a little understanding of mathematics should already notice patterns. In beer 4%, and 100 ml with a weight of 70 kg disappear in 30 minutes. Vodka is 10 times stronger - 40%. Accordingly, it disappears (with the same volume of 100 ml) 10 times longer - 300 minutes. Divide 300 by 60 (the number of minutes in hours) and get 5 hours. Your weight is 70 kg, and you drank 0.5 liters of vodka? 300 × 5/60 = 25 hours behind the wheel no-no.
Champagne weathering time
Depending on the brand, the strength of the champagne may float a little. In addition, if you drink it from traditional glasses, it is very difficult to estimate how much you drank it. The easiest way is to divide the volume of the bottle (750 ml) by the number of people. Well, then, if the holiday was a success - multiply by the number of empty containers. Table for champagne with a strength of 11%.
Volume, ml |
60 kg, min |
70 kg, min |
80 kg, min |
90 kg, min |
100 |
90 |
80 |
70 |
60 |
The rule hasn't gone anywhere.
Wine weathering time
The strength of the wine, depending on the type, varies from 16 to 22%. The weathering table in the case of drinking a 20% drink looks like this.
Volume, ml |
60 kg, min |
70 kg, min |
80 kg, min |
90 kg, min |
100 |
175 |
150 |
125 |
100 |
That is, everything is the same as with vodka, but twice as fast.
Whiskey and cognac weathering time
When drinking whiskey, do not forget to look at its strength on the label. It can vary from 32 to 50%. On average - 40%. That is, the weathering time of whiskey is the same as in the case of vodka. With cognac, things are about the same.
The formula for the weathering of alcohol from the body
In addition to the ready-made calculator and tables, you can use the generally accepted formula, which allows you to find out how many ppm you have “driven” into your body. Here she is:
Where:
- ‰ - ppm you want to know;
- U is the total amount drunk in ml;
- % - the strength of the drunk drink;
- m is your weight in kg;
- k is the coefficient, which is 0.7 for men and 0.6 for women.
As an example, let's check the formula on the same two liters of beer, which are the author's usual norm. We believe:
We get a slight degree of intoxication - 1.63‰. It has long been calculated that in 1 hour a healthy body can get rid of 0.2‰. Divide 1.63 by 0.2 and get something like 8 hours. Our local calculator will give the same amount. According to the tables, as we found out above, it turns out 10 hours. This is because strongly averaged indicators are introduced into them.
Now you can see for yourselves that with so many factors and conventions, there is no sense to the exact minute. On the contrary, the results obtained should be rounded up to a larger whole number of hours, and not even approach the car earlier.
How to drink to the driver
If you have to drive in the near future, and there has been a booze, here are some proven recommendations on how to drink better:
- Estimate in advance the time that your body will have to weather the ethanol. Further, using the tables and patterns provided above, you can find out your “norm” for today. Do not forget about the margin that compensates for errors, factors and errors.
- Do not mix two or more drinks of different strengths. It is impossible to calculate the weathering time of the "cocktail".
- Don't drink on an empty stomach. The only exception is beer. It doesn't like snacks.
- Drink quality alcohol. After the " stick " any calculators and tables will be powerless.
- Have a snack. But remember - the fatter the food, the more difficult it is for the body to remove ethanol.
- Drink it down. This is where elementary logic comes into play. By drinking a non-alcoholic liquid along with any strong alcohol, you reduce the concentration of alcohol per volume of water in your body.
- Try to "leave the game" if you have signs of moderate intoxication. After a difficult stage, no one can predict the weathering time of alcohol.
If some of the rules there are not for you, buy a simple breathalyzer. It costs much less than paying for the possible consequences of driving under the influence of alcohol.